Nepismena Srbija

By Valentin Kuleto
In Karijera
Sep 8th, 2011
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Kada upoznate nekog čoveka u Srbiji verovatnoća da ste upravo upoznali nepismenog čoveka iznosi oko 17%.

Prema definiciji Projekta međunarodne pismenosti odraslih (IALS) pismenost se definiše kao prozna pismenost (razumevanje i korišćenje informacija dobijenih iz tekstova), dokumentaciona pismenost (informacije koje se nalaze u različitim formularima) i kvantitativna pismenost (razumevanje, na primer, izveštaja o stanju na računu u banci, određivanje poreza, kamata i dr).

Do polovine prošlog veka koncept pismenosti podrazumevao je elementarnu analfabetsko-jezičku i matematičku orijentaciju, a to znači osnovno savladavanje veština čitanja i pisanja. Od 1964. razvija se novi pristup, odnosno funkcionalno opismenjavanje i pismenost, a osnovu ovakvog koncepta čini odnos između pismenosti i privrednog razvoja.

Međunarodni dan pismenosti, 8. septembar, Srbija dočekuje sa više od 1,3 miliona nepismenih ili ljudi koji nemaju završenu osnovnu školu od ukupno oko 7,3 miliona stanovnika.

Obrazovanje, odnosno puna pismenost odraslog stanovništva, i sada je i u razvijenim zemljama jedna od osnovnih tema jer globalizacija svetske ekonomije zahteva pismene radnike, odnosno preovlađujući je broj radnih mesta koji traže dobro obučenu i obrazovanu radnu snagu.

U Srbiji je među obrazovanim najviše onih sa srednjom školom, dok je sa visokim obrazovanjem svega 6,5 odsto građana.

U najnovijem istraživanju Projekta IALS-a obuhvaćeno je šest zemalja OECD-a: SAD, Kanada, Nemačka, Holandija, Švedska i Švajcarska.

Ustanovljeno je, na primer, da najviši nivo pismenosti imaju Švajcarci, a da za njima slede Amerikanci. A po obuhvaćenosti stanovništva obrazovanjem posle obaveznog na prvom mestu su SAD i Japan sa 96 odsto, a slede Švajcarska sa 82 odsto i Austrija sa 79 odsto.

Krajem 20. i početkom 21. veka na svetsku scenu “stupa” takozvana nova pismenost, odnosno informatičko opismenjavanje, eksplozija novih formi komunikacija u vrlo kratkom vremenskom periodu.

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Dr. Valentin Kuleto is the director and founder of the Information Technology School (www.its.edu.rs) and IT High School (www.iths.edu.rs). Dr. Kuleto, who holds a doctoral degree in economic science, gained years of valuable managerial experience working in top and key management positions in various renowned companies. He is the founder and president of an international company for professional education and production of education and business software LINK group (www.link-group.eu). He headed several successful education and software solution projects for both the parent company and various clients. He successfully headed and brought to fruition a large number of corporate software and e-business projects, and implemented various software solutions in institutions of higher education. His idea of a broad application of e-marketing, especially in the sphere of education, gained wide attention. Many business software solutions were designed under his supervision – Human Resources Information System (human resources management software), Content Management System (portal management), Business Information System (enterprise management software for small and medium companies), to name some. He is the driving force behind several education software solutions – LINK Distance Learning System (distance learning platform) and Testing and Learning System (learning and testing software for institutions of higher education). (www.link-soft.com) Dr. Kuleto’s engagement in the sphere of education is primarily focused on the promotion of the engineering profession, a prime mover of trade and industry development, and society as a whole. His efforts are constantly aimed at improving the general quality of education, research, and development within the ITS (Information Technology School) and LINK group Company. Dr. Kuleto published and presented several papers on domestic and international symposiums related to e-business, design and application of education software, and distance learning.

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